In finance or banking terms, a borrower is an individual or entity that receives a loan or line of credit from a lender. The borrower is obligated to repay the loan, along with any associated interest or fees, in accordance with the terms of the loan agreement.
When applying for a loan, borrowers will typically be required to provide the lender with information about their income, expenses, and credit history. The lender will use this information to assess the borrower's creditworthiness and determine whether they are likely to be able to repay the loan.
If a loan is approved, the borrower will be required to sign a loan agreement. This agreement will outline the terms of the loan, including the amount of the loan, the interest rate, the repayment schedule, and any associated fees.
Borrowers are responsible for making timely payments on their loans. If a borrower fails to make a payment, they may be subject to late fees or penalties. In some cases, a lender may take legal action to collect a debt.
Borrowers should carefully consider their financial situation before taking out a loan. They should be sure that they can afford to make the monthly payments and that they are aware of the risks associated with borrowing money.
In addition to individuals, businesses, and governments, borrowers can also be:
- Co-borrowers: Two or more individuals who apply for a loan together and are jointly responsible for repaying the debt.
- Guarantors: Individuals who agree to be responsible for repaying a loan if the borrower defaults.
- Co-signers: Individuals who agree to lend their good credit history to a borrower in order to help them qualify for a loan.
Bank and Credit Markets
Bank borrowers are typically smaller businesses and individuals who are looking for loans with shorter repayment terms. Banks are more likely to lend to borrowers with a good credit history and a steady income.
Debt market borrowers are typically larger corporations and governments that are looking for loans with longer repayment terms. Debt market borrowers can issue bonds, which are essentially IOUs that are sold to investors.