LeoGlossary: Electric Vehicle (EV)

How to get a Hive Account

An electric vehicle (EV) is a type of vehicle that uses one or more electric motors for propulsion, powered by rechargeable battery packs. Unlike internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles that run on gasoline or diesel, EVs use electricity as their primary energy source.

EVs can be classified into three main categories based on their powertrain configuration:

1. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs): BEVs are fully electric vehicles that use a rechargeable battery pack as their sole energy source. They do not have a gasoline or diesel engine and do not use any other fossil fuels. BEVs are charged from an external source of electricity, such as a charging station or a wall outlet.

2. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): PHEVs are hybrid vehicles that use both an internal combustion engine and an electric motor for propulsion. They have a rechargeable battery pack that can be charged from an external source of electricity. PHEVs can operate in electric-only mode for short distances and switch to hybrid mode when the battery is depleted.

3. Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs): HEVs are hybrid vehicles that use both an internal combustion engine and an electric motor for propulsion. However, unlike PHEVs, HEVs cannot be plugged in to recharge their battery pack. Instead, the battery pack is charged through regenerative braking and by the internal combustion engine.

EVs offer several advantages over traditional ICE vehicles, including:

1. Lower emissions: EVs produce zero tailpipe emissions, reducing their impact on the environment and human health.

2. Lower operating costs: EVs are generally cheaper to fuel and maintain than ICE vehicles.

3. Quieter and smoother operation: EVs are known for their quiet and smooth operation, which can result in a more comfortable driving experience.

4. Energy efficiency: EVs are generally more energy-efficient than ICE vehicles, as electric motors convert a higher percentage of energy into motion.

However, EVs also have some disadvantages, including:

1. Limited driving range: EVs typically have a shorter driving range than ICE vehicles, which can make long-distance travel more challenging.

2. Longer refueling times: EVs take longer to recharge than ICE vehicles take to refuel.

3. Limited charging infrastructure: While the charging infrastructure is improving, it is still not as widespread or convenient as traditional fueling stations.

The main components:

  • electric battery
  • inverter
  • electric motor
  • regenerative braking system
  • power control unit

Examples of Electric Vehicles

Some examples of EVs are :

  • cars and trucks
  • rails vehicles
  • surface and underwater vessels
  • electric aircraft
  • electric spacecraft

At this point, when people mention electric vehicles, they are usually referring to automotive since that is what gets the publicity.

The best example of an electric vehicle company is Tesla. A couple others are Rivian and Lucid.

These companies are in contrast to legacy automotive companies such as VW, GM, Ford, Toyota, and Honda. We are seeing some of these companies trying to transition to the production of EVs.


Electric vehicles are being accompanied by a host of technologies that many believe will revolutionize transportation.

One of the biggest is the quest for autonomous driving software. This is something that Tesla, Google, and GM are working on. The idea of autonomous transportation could significantly change many industries.

Another change could be the direct-to-consumer model. Newer EV entrants are not going through the traditional dealership when selling their vehicles. Instead, they utilize the Internet as the basis for their sales. One only need to log onto the company website to place the order.

This ties into prices that are non-negotiable. People click what they want to buy and the price is listed there. Dealerships are known for their haggling, often at the expense of the customer.


3 columns
2 columns
1 column
Join the conversation now