Seed morphology (Carica papaya)🧠 / Morfologia de la semilla (Carica papaya)🧫(En-Es)

Hello friends, today I bring a post to analyze the seed of the fruit: (Carica papaya L.) which is quite popular all over the world for its digestive and nutritional properties, here in Europe it is expensive but while I ate it I was curious to investigate. a little some structures that make the seed quite interesting, hasn't it happened to you that when you hold a seed it has a layer that when we press it contains a liquid? When I was a child I used to press them, but today we know that it is the sarcotesta and that it has an important function in the seed, join me in this experiment to learn a little more!🧠🧫

Hola amigos, hoy traigo un post para analizar la semilla de la fruta: (Carica papaya L.) que es bastante popular en todo el mundo por sus propiedades digestivas y nutritivas, aqui en Europa es costosa pero mientras la comia me dio curiosidad en investigar un poco algunas estructuras que hacen que la semillia sea bastante interesante, no les ha sucedido que cuando sostienen una semilla tiene una capa que cuando la presionamos contiene un liquido? cuando era nino solia presionarlas, pero hoy sabemos que se trata de la sarcotesta y que tiene una funcion importante en la semilla, acompaname en este experimento para aprender un poco mas!🔬🧪


How it looks externally (Carica papaya L.)🔬/ Como luce externamente (Carica papaya L.)🧠


First of all to differentiate the parts of the Carica papaya L. we begin to divide the fruit into three "parts" apical, middle and basal, the apical part being the place that connects the fruit with the plant, then the fruits are divided into three parts The outermost being the epicarp, which is the thin rind of the fruit, then the mesocarp made up of the pulp and which is normally what is consumed the most in the fruit! although not all fruits have these three well-defined areas and not all parts are edible, and finally the innermost part and where the seeds are, the endocarp, I read that the seeds of this fruit are edible despite being quite bitter and that have nutritional properties, I am not a specialist on the subject so I cannot confirm this!🧠🔬
Antes que nada para diferencia las partes de la Carica papaya L. comenzamos a dividir el fruto en tres "partes" apical, media y basal siendo la parte apical el lugar que conecta el fruto con la planta, luego los frutos se dividen en tres partes siendo la mas externa epicarpo que viene siendo la corteza fina de la fruta, luego el mesocarpo compuesto por la pulpa y que normalmente es lo que mas se consumo en los frutos! aunque no todos los frutos tienen estas tres areas bien definidas y no todas las partes son comestibles, y por ultimo la parte mas interna y donde se encuentran las semillas el endocarpo, lei que las semillas de esta fruta son comestibles apesar de ser bastante amargas y que tienen propiedades nutritivas, no soy especialista en el tema asi que no puedo confirmar esto!👨‍🎓🕵️‍♂️

What does the seed look like?🔬/ Que aspecto tiene la semilla?🧠


Without using the microscope we can see that the papaya seed has an oval shape, that is, it is ovoid, and also its color appears to be black or brown, only when the seed is ripe can we see its true color and of course it is brown! It does not present an exact size, on the contrary, a seed can vary 4-6 millimeters, being a "primitive" species, it was considered by the investigation of: (Niembro, 1988) a seed of small size! If you look closely at the photograph taken by the microscope, we can clearly see the outer layer that protects the seed and that has one more function of propagation and dispersal!🔬🧠
Sin utilizar el microscopio podemos ver que la semilla de la papaya tiene un aspecto en forma de ovalo osea es ovoide, y ademas su coloracion parece ser negra o marron, solo cuando la semilla esta madura es que podemos ver su verdadero color y por supuesto es marron! no presenta un tamano exacto por el contrario una semilla puede variar los 4-6 milimetros al ser una especie "primitiva" fue considerada por la investigacion de: (Niembro, 1988) una semilla de tamano pequena! si observan bien en la fotografia tomada por el microscopio podemos ver claramente la capa externa que protege a la semilla y que tiene una funcion mas de propagacion y dispersion!🧫

What is the exotheist🔬/ Que es la exotesta🧠


The exotesta or also known as: (sarcotesta) is a cover that surrounds some seeds that has a fleshy appearance and texture, it could be said that they are a derivation of the epidermis of the seed, botanists have concluded that one of its main functions is serve as an attraction for the moment of seed dispersal! usually occurs with dispersal of animals! If you look at the magnification of the microscope you can see some points that are the cells🧠🔬
La exotesta o tambien conocida como: (sarcotesta) es una cubierta que envuelve a algunas semillas que tiene un aspecto y textura carnosa, podria decirse que son una derivacion de la epidermis de la semilla, los botanicos han concluido que una de sus funciones principales es servir como atractivo para el momento de la dispersion de las semillas! normalmente ocurre con dispersion de animales! si observas en el aumento del microscopio se ven unos puntos que son las celulas👨‍🎓🕵️‍♂️

80x Sarcotest🔬/ 80x Sarcotesta🧠

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Here we can clearly see the cells found in the Sarcotesta, its main compounds are sugars, water and a high percentage of butyric acid, the latter is made up of oils and has a strong odor that I think should serve as an animal attraction, the The problem is that when it undergoes a decomposition process, it gives off a very unpleasant odor, a product of butyric acid!🧠🔬
Aqui podemos ver claramente las celulas que se encuentran en la Sarcotesta, sus principales compuestos son azucares, agua y un alto porcentaje de acido butirico, este ultimo esta compuesto de aceites y tiene un olor bastante fuerte que creo que debe servir como atractivo animal, el problema es que cuando pasa a un proceso de descomposicion emana un olor demasiado desagradable producto del acido butirico!🧫🧪

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what is the integument🔬/ que es el tegumento🧠


The integument is also called episperm and it is the outermost part of the seed, it serves as its protection and protects the embryo, the integument is essential to perform a pre-dispersion because it prevents the seed from being fully digested by the animal here we see that in the papaya is corrugated!🧠🔬
El tegumento tambien es llamado epispermo y es la parte mas externa de la semilla, sirve como proteccion de la misma y protege el embrion, el tegumento es indispensable para realizar una pre-dispersion porque evita que la semilla sea totalmente digerida por el animal aqui vemos que en la papaya es corrugado!🕵️‍♂️👨‍🎓

Internal structures🔬/ Estruturas internas🧠


Here I would like to define three very important botanical terms in the seed, it is first about the seminal coat: we could classify the papaya seed as bitegumented, this means that there is a derivation of the seminal primordium in two integuments: "testa and tegmen ", then we have the endosperm that is classified as external because it has the property of completely surrounding the embryo, and finally:"the embryo", it is axial due to its position, it is also folial since its cotyledons are expanded.🧠🔬
Aqui me gustaria definir tres terminos botanicos muy importantes en la semilla, se trata primero de la cubierta seminal: podriamos clasificar a la semilla de la papaya en bitegumentada esto quiere decir que existe una derivacion del primordio seminal en dos tegumentos el: "testa y tegmen", luego tenemos el endospermo que se clasifica como externo porque tiene la propiedad de rodear el embrion completamente, y por ultimo:"el embrion", es axial por su posicion es folial tambien ya que sus cotiledones son expandidos.🧫


The cotyledon is an important part of the seed and it will be the one that will give rise to its first leaf! It is a very remarkable characteristic in angiosperms because with them the seeds that can be mono-di cotyledonians can be classified.🧠🧠
el cotiledon es una parte importante de la semilla y sera aquel que dara origen a su primera hoja! es una caracteristica muy destacable en angiosperma porque con ellas se pueden clasificar las semillas que pueden ser mono-di cotiledonias. 👨‍🎓🕵️‍♂️

Components of the cotyledon🔬/ Componentes del cotiledon🧠


The main components of the cotyledon are starch, oils and nutrients! because? because it is necessary for the plant to consume it and to be able to carry out its growth and development process!🧠👨‍🎓
Los principales componentes del cotiledon son almidon, aceites y nutrientes! por que? pues es necesario para que la planta lo consuma y poder realizar su proceso de crecimiento y desarrollo!🧫🔬

Nutrients of (Carica papaya L.)🔬/ Nutrientes de (Carica papaya L.)🧠

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Papaya is very nutritious and famous for containing an enzyme called "papain" that helps break down proteins! but also the fruit is rich in vitamins A and C, as you can see in the photos there is a high content of water and carbohydrates let's say it is quite complete and helps the digestive system👨‍🎓🧠

La papaya es muy nutritiva y famosa por contener una enzima llamada: "papaina" que ayuda a la descomposicion de proteinas! pero tambien el fruto es rico en vitaminas A y C, como puedes ver en las fotos hay un alto contenido de agua y carbohidratos digamos que es bastante completa y ayuda al sistema digestivo🕵️‍♂️


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Source / Bibliografia:

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