It was President Theodore Roosevelt who commissioned the US Mint to create a new design for America's primary gold coins. It was envisioned that it would bring the American coin design into the 20th century.
Augustus Saint-Gaudens designed the obverse in 1905 for the US Mint. He depicts Liberty walking along the Potomac River as she leaves Washington DC and symbolizes her role in leading the nation into a brighter future. Liberty holds a torch high to light the way while her left hand clutches an olive branch symbolizing peace.
Saint-Gaudens designed the $20 Saint Gaudens Double Eagle gold piece from1905 to 1907 for the US Mint which is considered one of the most beautiful American coins ever issued. He likewise designed the $10 "Indian Head" gold eagle which was minted from 1907 until 1933.
This is the obverse design of Gold American Eagle. It is one of the most beautiful, the most popular, Gold bullion coins in the United States.
The sun's rays are in the background field. The US Capitol Building is visible to the left of her feet. The word “Liberty” is engraved above her head and the year of issue is engraved within the rays.
Saint-Gaudens’ original design included 46 stars around her figure. In 1912, the US Mint added two more stars to the design to reflect the addition of Arizona and New Mexico to the Union. For the uncirculated American Gold Eagle, the US Mint added two more stars to bring the total to 50 and reflect the additions of Hawaii and Alaska to the Union after World War II.
The reverse of the American Gold Eagle features a life-like image of the American bald eagle’s head in left-profile relief. The powerful hook of the beast’s beak is prominent in the design, as is its stoic gaze as the one eye visible seems to be staring directly at the viewer. Inscriptions on the coins read “United States of America,” “E Pluribus Unum,” and “In God We Trust” stacked in descending order at the top of the design rim above the eagle’s head. There are three stars on either side of the design rim, with an inscription along the lower rim that reads “10 Dollars” and “1/4 oz Fine Gold.” Source
The Saint-Gauden's design of Liberty is a classic and truly beautiful. Augustus Saint-Gaudens was an American sculptor of the Beaux-Arts generation who embodied the ideals of the American Renaissance.
Fractional gold beauties!
I have shown you these gold pieces:
- 2022 Gold American Eagle
- 1897 France Gold 20 Franc Lucky Angel
- 2022 Australia Gold Lunar Year of the Tiger
- 60th Anniversary Great Britain Gold Sovereign
- 1877 France Gold 20 Francs Lucky Angel
- 2021 Gold American Eagle Type2
- 1907 Great Britain Gold Half Sovereign
- 1907 France Gold 20 Francs Rooster BU
- 1955 Mexico Cinco Pesos BU
- 1927 Swiss 20 Francs Gold Helvetia BU
- 1908 France Gold 20 Francs Rooster BU
- 1892 Austrian 20 Francs/8 Florin Gold Coin BU
- 2021 Gold PG&G BU
- 2021 Gold American Eagle, MS70 First Strike