The Golden City - Prague [PL - ENG]

[PL]
Witam spo艂eczno艣膰 HIVE 馃悵
Jaki艣 czas temu postanowi艂em si臋 wybra膰 na kr贸tk膮 podr贸偶 do Pragi z racji wolnego czasu w pracy, jak i w szkole. Wyruszy艂em z Krakowa flixbusem do Stolicy Czech. Podr贸偶 szybko min臋艂a, chwile si臋 przespa艂em i obudzi艂em si臋 na g艂贸wnym dworcu Florence.



Moim pierwszym przystankiem w gotyckim mie艣cie by艂 siedziba senatu parlamentu Czech. Aktualnie prezydentem Czech jest Petr Pavel. W parlamencie zasiada 81 os贸b. Id膮c w stron臋 parlamentu, przechodzimy przez ogr贸d Wallensteina i Szko艂y Jazdy. Najwi臋ksza atrakcja ogrodu jest wapienna 艣ciana z grotami. Spostrzegawcze oko mo偶e znale藕膰 na 艣cianie, r贸偶ne zwierz臋ta, przer贸偶ne istoty oraz osoby. Tak samo mo偶na tam znale藕膰 woliery z sowami. Zreszt膮 jest to bardzo ciekawa atrakcja dla os贸b spostrzegawczych. Po ogrodach przechadzaj膮 si臋 pawie i dzikie kaczki, niekt贸rzy z przewodnik贸w po Pradze 艣miej膮 si臋, 偶e s膮 to mali przewodniczy po ogrodach. Na g艂贸wnej sali ogrodowej w czasie letnim organizowane s膮 koncerty, akurat mi si臋 uda艂o natrafi膰 na koncert muzyki filmowej w plenerze.






Jeszcze w mi臋dzyczasie uda艂o mi si臋 odwiedzi膰 Zamek na Hradczanach inaczej Zamek Praski, co ciekawe zamek zajmuje powierzchni臋 oko艂o 70 tysi臋cy kilometr贸w kwadratowych i wed艂ug ksi臋gi rekord贸w Guinnessa jest "najwi臋kszym ci膮g艂ym kompleksem zamkowym na 艣wiecie ".
Zamek powsta艂 prawdopodobnie w 880 roku z inicjatywy ksi臋cia Borzywoja I z dynastii Przemy艣lid贸w. Zosta艂 zbudowany na wzg贸rzu zwanym Zi啪i. Miejsce tradycyjnych spotka艅 plemiennych i sk艂adania ofiar bogom poga艅skim.
W katedrze 艣w. Wita, by艂a koronacja czeskich kr贸l贸w i kr贸lowych. Nad Z艂ot膮 Bram膮, historycznym wej艣ciem do katedry, znajduje si臋 Skarbiec Korony Czeskiej ze 艣w. Wac艂awem w stylu gotyckim. W katedrze pochowani s膮 czescy w艂adcy, patroni i arcybiskupi.
W katedrze 艣w. Do Wita jest Wielka Wie偶a Po艂udniowa, kt贸ra wznosi si臋 na wysoko艣膰 oko艂o 100 metr贸w. Na taras widokowy, z kt贸rego roztacza si臋 wspania艂y widok na panoram臋 miasta, prowadzi ponad 280 schod贸w. Na wie偶y znajduje si臋 tak偶e najwi臋kszy w Czechach zegar Zygmuntowski z 1549 roku. Wa偶y oko艂o 15 ton.






Po wizycie w Parlamencie uda艂em si臋 na Most Karola na Starym Mie艣cie (uwa偶any przez wielu za najwi臋ksz膮 atrakcj臋 z艂otej Pragi), most po艂o偶ony jest na rzece We艂tawie, 艂膮cz膮cej dzielnice Mal谩 Strana i Star茅 M茅sto. Ca艂kowita d艂ugo艣膰 mostu wynosi 516 m, a szeroko艣膰 9,50 m. 17 艂uk贸w mostu rozmieszczonych jest na 15 filarach. Wed艂ug tablic informacyjnych most ten jest najstarszym kamiennym mostem na 艣wiecie. Most pierwotnie nosi艂 nazw臋 Praski Most. Zbudowany w 1342 r. i przebudowany w 1357 r. most by艂 do 1741 r. jedynym mostem na We艂tawie, po kt贸rym w latach 1905鈥1908 je藕dzi艂 tramwaj konny, a do 1965 r. tramwaj elektryczny. Dzi艣 dost臋pny jest wy艂膮cznie dla pieszych. W okresie baroku most zdobi艂o 30 pos膮g贸w 艣wi臋tych, min. Matthias Bernard Braun i rodzina Brokoff贸w (Jan Brokoff, Micha艂 Jan J贸zef Brokoff, Ferdynand Maksymilian Brokoff). W 1787 r. wzniesiono tu tak偶e pomnik cesarza J贸zefa II (projekt ustawienia tu tak偶e pos膮gu Karola VI nie zosta艂 zrealizowany). Na jedne z balustrad umieszczono tablic臋 pami膮tkow膮 po艣wi臋con膮 艢w. Janowi Nepomucenowi 鈥 wed艂ug tradycji zosta艂 wrzucony do We艂tawy 20 marca 1393 roku na rozkaz kr贸la Wac艂awa IV. Na mo艣cie znajduj臋 si臋 pomnik Jana Nepomucena, dotyka si臋 go, bo podobno przynosi szcz臋艣cie, ale s膮 pewne zasady, 偶eby to szcz臋艣cie osi膮gn膮膰, trzeba dotkn膮膰 pos膮gu Jana dwoma palcami lewej r臋ki i wypowiedzie膰 w my艣lach 偶yczenie, nikt nie mo偶e pozna膰 jego tre艣ci, a samo 偶yczenie musi by膰 pozytywne. Sprzedawcy pi臋knych grafik i akwareli, arty艣ci maluj膮cy autoportrety, producenci wisiork贸w i dekoracji zasiadaj膮 na mo艣cie Karola od wczesnych godzin porannych.





Teraz troszk臋 historii o 艢w. Janie Nepomucen z Pomuku urodzi艂 si臋 pomi臋dzy 1340 a 1349 rokiem, nie wiadomo dok艂adnie kiedy, w wiejskim miasteczku Pomuk (niedaleko Pilzna), kt贸re po艂膮czy艂o si臋 z s膮siednim miastem i zmieni艂o nazw臋 na Nepomuk. Czesi do dzisiaj pisz膮 Jan z Pomuku. W 1380 roku zosta艂 kanonikiem katedry praskiej i proboszczem w ko艣ciele 艣w. Gawela. Nast臋pnie studiowa艂 prawo na uniwersytecie w Pradze, a w latach 1383鈥1387 prawo kanoniczne w Padwie. W 1389 r. zosta艂 wikariuszem generalnym praskiego arcybiskupa Jana z Jen拧tejna. Jak na razie 藕r贸d艂a s膮 zgodne. W 1393 roku Jan popad艂 w nie艂ask臋 kr贸lewsk膮. Kr贸l Wac艂aw IV by艂 kontrowersyjny i kontrowersyjny. Uwi臋zi艂 kanonika, torturowa艂 i utopi艂 w We艂tawie 20 marca 1393. Niekt贸re 藕r贸d艂a podaj膮 nieco inn膮 chronologi臋. Nie r贸偶ni膮 si臋 w kwestii daty 艣mierci.






W kronice Chronica regum Romanorum (1459) autor odnotowa艂, 偶e kr贸l Wac艂aw utopi艂 spowiednika swojej 偶ony, mistrza Jana, za to, 偶e odm贸wi艂 wyjawienia tajemnicy spowiedzi. Jest to pierwsze 藕r贸d艂o historyczne dotycz膮ce przyczyn zab贸jstwa ksi臋dza. 12 lat p贸藕niej Pawe艂 Zdinek pisze szerzej o przyczynach morderstwa. Kr贸l obawia艂 si臋, 偶e szlachcianka ma kochanka. Kobieta spowiada艂a si臋 mistrzowi Janowi, wi臋c ten chcia艂 pozna膰 jej kochanka dane osobowe od spowiednika. Niestety bezskutecznie. Z tych 藕r贸de艂 nie dowiadujemy si臋 ani daty wspomnianych wydarze艅, ani imienia 偶ony kr贸la. W 1483 r. Jan z Krumlowa napisa艂, 偶e Jan zosta艂 zamordowany 10 lat wcze艣niej, w 1383 r. (prawdopodobnie przez pomy艂k臋 kopisty). Ten b艂膮d powt贸rzono p贸藕niej. Pisarz Wac艂aw Hajek napisa艂 w Annales Bohemoum, 偶e by艂o dw贸ch Jan贸w z Nepomuka i obaj zostali zamordowani przez kr贸la czeskiego.



Pierwszy by艂 spowiednikiem swojej 偶ony, drugi, jako zwolennik arcybiskupa, wspiera艂 jego wyb贸r na opata zamo偶nego klasztoru kladrubskiego. Nie podoba艂o si臋 to Wac艂awowi, kt贸ry chcia艂 po艂o偶y膰 r臋k臋 na klasztorze (zale偶ny Wac艂aw nieustannie potrzebowa艂 pieni臋dzy na walki toczone w jego kr贸lestwie). Zszokowany kaza艂 utopi膰 wikariusza arcybiskupa Jana z Jen拧tejna, czyli Jana Nepomucena. Obecnie 藕r贸d艂o to budzi kontrowersje i nie jest uwa偶ane za wa偶ne 藕r贸d艂o historyczne. Bardzo prawdopodobn膮 przyczyn膮 艣mierci Jana wydaje si臋 bitwa o garnizon dochodowego klasztoru. Drugim, ostatnim 藕r贸d艂em szczeg贸艂owo opisuj膮cym histori臋 czeskiego ksi臋dza jest 鈥濾ita b. Joannis Nepomuceni martyris鈥 (鈥炁粂wot b艂ogos艂awionego Jana Nepomuceniego M臋czennika鈥 鈥 1680). Autorem jest jezuita Boles艂aw Balbinus. Jan Nepomucen by艂 spowiednikiem Zofii, 偶ony Wac艂awa IV. Kr贸lowi bardzo zale偶a艂o na tym, co wyzna艂a jego 偶ona. Jan strzeg艂 tajemnicy spowiedzi. Z tego powodu by艂 torturowany, zabity, a nast臋pnie wrzucony do rzeki. Tak to przedstawi艂 jezuita i tak rozesz艂a si臋 najs艂ynniejsza opowie艣膰 o m臋cze艅skiej 艣mierci. W katedrze 艣w. Wita (w艂a艣ciwie po艣wi臋conego trzem 艣wi臋tym: Witowi, Wac艂awowi i Wojciechowi), w absydzie poznajemy ca艂膮 histori臋 Jana 鈥 spowiednika.



Po przej艣ciu przez most Karola wszed艂em w Staromiejsk膮 Wie偶臋 Mostow膮 i przeszed艂em przez ulic臋 Karlov膮, gdzie skierowa艂em si臋 w Kierunku Havelsk茅 tr啪i拧t臎, mo偶na by powiedzie膰 taki targ, tam zjad艂em sw贸j obiad i szybko ruszy艂em do Paladium, jednej z wi臋kszych galerii. Przelecia艂em przez ca艂膮 galeri臋 biegiem w oko艂o 10 minut i znalaz艂em sw贸j sklep.



Sklep z winylami, zakupi艂em tam winyl Pink Floyd-The Wall. Album zosta艂 wydany w 1979 roku dok艂adnie pod koniec listopada i na pocz膮tku grudnia. The Wall to opera rockowa, wed艂ug zamys艂u Rogera Watersa, The Wall mia艂 by膰 protestem przeciw rockowym koncertom stadionowych. Album jest bardzo oparty na du偶ej cz臋艣ci w膮tk贸w o autobiografi Watersa. historia opowiada o 偶yciu rockowego muzyka o pseudonimie Pink (od nazwiska Pinkerton). Utw贸r 鈥濵other鈥 ukazuje dzieci艅stwo ch艂opca wychowywanego przez samotn膮, nadopieku艅cz膮 matk臋-ojciec, kt贸rego Pink nigdy nie zna艂, zgin膮艂 na wojnie we W艂oszech podobnie jak ojciec Watersa (utw贸r 鈥濧nother Brick in the Wall, Part 1鈥 鈥 鈥濳olejna ceg艂a w murze鈥). 鈥濧nother Brick in the Wall, Part 2鈥, opowiadaj膮cy o zimnej, nieludzkiej i nieprzyjaznej szkole, w kt贸rej uczniowie maszeruj膮 sztywno podobne do android贸w-robot贸w, sta艂 si臋 jednym z najpot臋偶niejszych i najbardziej znanych protest song贸w rockowych. O zwodniczym poczuciu si艂y, jak膮 daje m艂odo艣膰 i rock&roll opowiada 鈥瀁oung Lust鈥; o nieudanych, kalekich uczuciowo zwi膮zkach ma艂偶e艅skich oraz obyczajowych ekscesach 鈥 鈥濷ne of My Turns鈥; o utracie m艂odzie艅czych idea艂贸w 鈥 鈥濭oodbye Blue Sky鈥.

Pink Floyd on Denon dp 300f

The best song for HIVE



Kolejne utwory opowiadaj膮 o rosn膮cym, ceg艂a za ceg艂膮, murze odgradzaj膮cym muzyka od 艣wiata. Waters por贸wnuje ca艂e to 偶ycie do chodzenia po cienkim lodzie 鈥 鈥濼he Thin Ice鈥, gdzie ka偶dy krok mo偶e spowodowa膰 za艂amanie. Pierwsza cz臋艣膰 albumu ko艅czy si臋 piosenk膮 鈥濭oodbye Cruel World鈥 (鈥炁籩gnaj, okrutny 艣wiecie鈥), kt贸ra jest deklaracj膮 ucieczki od pustego 偶ycia, samob贸jstwa.



Za艣 na drugiej p艂ycie album otwiera ballada 鈥濰ey You鈥, w kt贸rej Pink 艣piewa sam do siebie z drugiej strony muru, jest to powr贸t do 偶ycia, a jednocze艣nie koszmaru, jaki szykuje mu jego wyobra藕nia. P贸藕niej mamy 鈥濼he Trial鈥 gdzie szykuje si臋 mu jego w艂asne szale艅stwo.



The Wall do dzi艣 bije rekordy sprzeda偶owe (potwierdza to 1 miejsce na Amazonie, w najbardziej sprzedawanych albumach, wymiennie z the dark side of the moon). Album zosta艂 najlepiej sprzedaj膮c膮 si臋 podw贸jn膮 p艂yt膮 w historii muzyki rockowej.
P艂yta poza dwoma utworami, w kt贸rych komponowaniu wzi膮艂 udzia艂 Gilmour, by艂a autorskim dzie艂em Watersa. Pierwszy te偶 raz od czas贸w Atom Heart Mother zastosowano aran偶acje orkiestrowe. Na p艂ycie prawie nieobecne by艂y instrumenty klawiszowe (jak si臋 potem okaza艂o, w czasie nagrywania p艂yty Richard Wright zosta艂 wykluczony z grupy z powodu jego pog艂臋biaj膮cego si臋 konfliktu z Watersem). Album okaza艂 si臋 jednym z kamieni milowych, je艣li nie grupy, kt贸ra w tym czasie ju偶 si臋 rozpada艂a, to na pewno muzyki rockowej. Album w Polsce osi膮gn膮艂 certyfikat platynowej p艂yty, a jego reedycja z 2011 鈥 dwukrotnie platynowej p艂yty. Co ciekawe mi uda艂o si臋 wy艂apa膰 reedycj臋 z 2011 roku, lecz w folii.



Po biegu do Paladium 艣pieszy艂em si臋 w ostatnie miejsce, do Praskiego zegara astronomicznego-Pra啪sk媒 orloj. Jest to 艣redniowieczny zegar astronomiczny, znajduj膮cy si臋 na po艂udniowej 艣cianie Ratusza Staromiejskiego w Pradze. Skonstruowany w 1410 roku przez zegarmistrza Miko艂aja z Kadania i matematyka, prof. Jana Sindla, a wed艂ug legendy uko艅czy艂 go mistrz Hanusz o艣lepiony nast臋pnie przez w艂adze miasta. Zegar jest jednym z najbardziej znanych zegar贸w astronomicznych na 艣wiecie i popularn膮 atrakcj膮 turystyczn膮. Zegar sk艂ada si臋 z trzech g艂贸wnych cz臋艣ci: astronomicznej-pokazuj膮cej po艂o偶enie cia艂 niebieskich, kalendarzowej 鈥 z medalionami reprezentuj膮cymi miesi膮ce i animacyjnej 鈥 z ruchomymi figurkami dwunastu aposto艂贸w i wyobra偶eniami 艢mierci, Turka, Marno艣ci i Chciwo艣ci. Co najwa偶niejsze zegar dzia艂a nieprzerwanie od 613 lat.




Podsumowuj膮c kontrowersyjn膮 histori臋 Pragi, wed艂ug mnie jest to cudowne miasto z wieloma grzechami. Wi臋kszo艣膰 grzech贸w miasta do dzi艣 nie wysz艂a na jaw i s膮 jako miejsce legendy, mo偶e kiedy艣 doczekamy si臋 prawdy. Powr贸膰my, do cz臋艣ci wizualnej w Pradze, niezale偶nie od pory roku czy dnia jest pi臋knie i tak r贸wnie偶 by艂o tym razem. Dzi臋kuje za po艣wi臋cony czas na przeczytanie oraz zapraszam do dyskusji w komentarzach.




[ENG]
Hello HIVE community 馃悵
Some time ago I decided to take a short trip to Prague because of my free time at work, as well as at school. I set off from Krakow by flixbus to the Czech capital. The trip passed quickly, I slept for a while and woke up at Florence's main station.



My first stop in the Gothic city was the seat of the Senate of the Czech Parliament. The current president of the Czech Republic is Petr Pavel. There are 81 members of parliament. Walking towards the parliament, you pass through the Wallenstein Garden and the Riding School. The garden's biggest attraction is a limestone wall with caves. A perceptive eye can find on the wall, various animals, different creatures and people. Likewise, you can find aviaries with owls there. Anyway, this is a very interesting attraction for perceptive people. Peacocks and wild ducks stroll through the gardens, some Prague guides laugh that they are little garden guides. The main garden hall hosts concerts in the summer time, I just happened to come across an outdoor film music concert.






Still in the meantime, I managed to visit Hrad膷any Castle a.k.a. Prague Castle, interestingly the castle covers an area of about 70,000 square kilometers and according to the Guinness Book of Records is "the largest continuous castle complex in the world ".
The castle was probably built in 880 on the initiative of Prince Borzyvoj I of the P艡emyslid dynasty. It was built on a hill called Zi啪i. The site of traditional tribal meetings and offerings to pagan gods.
In St. Vitus Cathedral, was the coronation of Czech kings and queens. Above the Golden Gate, the historic entrance to the cathedral, is the Treasury of the Czech Crown with St. Wenceslas in Gothic style. Czech rulers, patrons and archbishops are buried in the cathedral.
St. Do Vitus Cathedral has the Great South Tower, which rises to a height of about 100 meters. There are more than 280 stairs leading up to the observation deck, which offers a magnificent view of the city skyline. The tower also houses the largest Sigismund clock in the Czech Republic, dating back to 1549. It weighs about 15 tons.






After visiting the Parliament, I went to the Charles Bridge in the Old Town (considered by many to be the greatest attraction of golden Prague), the bridge is located on the Vltava River, connecting the Mal谩 Strana and Star茅 M茅sto districts. The total length of the bridge is 516 meters, with a width of 9.50 meters. The bridge's 17 arches are arranged on 15 pillars. According to information boards, the bridge is the oldest stone bridge in the world. The bridge was originally named Prague Bridge. Built in 1342 and rebuilt in 1357, the bridge was the only bridge over the Vltava River until 1741, with a horse-drawn streetcar running from 1905-1908 and an electric streetcar until 1965. Today it is only accessible to pedestrians. During the Baroque period, the bridge was decorated with 30 statues of saints, min. Matthias Bernard Braun and the Brokoff family (John Brokoff, Michael John Joseph Brokoff, Ferdinand Maximilian Brokoff). A statue of Emperor Joseph II was also erected here in 1787 (the project to erect a statue of Charles VI here was not realized as well). One of the railings bears a memorial plaque dedicated to St. John of Nepomuk - according to tradition, he was thrown into the Vltava River on March 20, 1393 by order of King Wenceslas IV. On the bridge there is a statue of St. John of Nepomuk, it is touched because it is said to bring good luck, but there are some rules, in order to achieve this luck, you have to touch the statue of John with two fingers of your left hand and make a wish in your mind, no one can know its content, and the wish itself must be positive. Vendors of beautiful prints and watercolors, artists painting self-portraits, manufacturers of pendants and decorations have been sitting on the Charles Bridge since the early morning hours.





Now a bit of history about St. John Nepomucen of Pomuk was born between 1340 and 1349, it is not known exactly when, in the rural town of Pomuk (near Pilsen), which merged with a neighboring town and changed its name to Nepomuk. Czechs to this day write John of Pomuk. In 1380 he became a canon of Prague Cathedral and a parish priest at St. Gavel's Church. He then studied law at the University of Prague, and canon law in Padua from 1383-1387. In 1389 he became vicar general of Prague's Archbishop John of Jen拧tejn. So far, the sources agree. In 1393, Jan fell into royal disfavor. King Wenceslas IV was controversial and contentious. He imprisoned the canon, tortured and drowned him in the Vltava River on March 20, 1393. Some sources give a slightly different chronology. They do not differ on the date of death.






In the chronicle Chronica regum Romanorum (1459), the author recorded that King Wenceslas drowned his wife's confessor, Master John, for refusing to reveal the secret of his confession. This is the first historical source regarding the reasons for the priest's murder. 12 years later, Paul Zdinek writes more extensively about the reasons for the murder. The king feared that the noblewoman had a lover. The woman had confessed to Master John, so the latter wanted to know her lover's personal information from the confessor. Unfortunately, to no avail. From these sources we learn neither the date of the aforementioned events, nor the name of the king's wife. In 1483, Jan of Krumlov wrote that Jan was murdered 10 years earlier, in 1383 (probably by a copyist's mistake). This error was repeated later. The writer Wenceslas Hajek wrote in the Annales Bohemoum that there were two Janes of Nepomuk and both were murdered by the Bohemian king.



The former was his wife's confessor, while the latter, as a supporter of the archbishop, supported his election as abbot of the wealthy Kladruby monastery. This did not please Wenceslas, who wanted to lay a hand on the monastery (the dependent Wenceslas constantly needed money for the battles waged in his kingdom). Shocked, he had Archbishop John of Jen拧tejn's vicar, or Jan Nepomucen, drowned. Today this source is controversial and not considered a valid historical source. The very likely cause of Jan's death seems to be a battle over the revenue garrison of the monastery. The second and last source detailing the story of the Czech priest is "Vita b. Joannis Nepomuceni martyris" ("Life of Blessed John Nepomuceni the Martyr" - 1680). The author is the Jesuit Boleslav Balbinus. John Nepomucen was the confessor of Sophia, wife of Wenceslas IV. The king cared deeply about what his wife confessed. John guarded the secrecy of the confession. For this reason, he was tortured, killed and then thrown into a river. This is how the Jesuit portrayed it, and this is how the most famous story of the martyrdom spread. In St. Vitus Cathedral (actually dedicated to the three saints Vitus, Wenceslas and Adalbert), in the apse we learn the whole story of John the confessor.



After crossing the Charles Bridge, I entered the Old Town Bridge Tower and crossed Karlova Street, where I headed in the direction of Havelsk茅 tr啪i拧t臎, you could say such a market, ate my lunch there and quickly headed to Paladium, one of the larger galleries. I flew through the entire gallery running in about 10 minutes and found my store.



A vinyl store, I purchased a Pink Floyd-The Wall vinyl there. The album was released in 1979 in late November and early December to be exact. The Wall is a rock opera, as Roger Waters intended The Wall to be a protest against rock stadium concerts. The album is very much based on much of Waters' autobiography. The story is about the life of a rock musician nicknamed Pink (after Pinkerton). The song "Mother" shows the childhood of a boy raised by a single, overprotective mother-the father, whom Pink never knew, was killed in the war in Italy, as was Waters' father (the song "Another Brick in the Wall, Part 1" - "Another Brick in the Wall"). "Another Brick in the Wall, Part 2," which tells the story of a cold, inhuman and unfriendly school where students march stiffly similar to robotic androids, has become one of rock's most powerful and famous protest songs. "Young Lust" is about the deceptive sense of power provided by youth and rock & roll; "One of My Turns" is about failed, emotionally crippling marriages and moral excesses; "Goodbye Blue Sky" is about the loss of youthful ideals.

Pink Floyd on Denon dp 300f
The best song for HIVE



Subsequent songs tell of a wall growing, brick by brick, separating the musician from the world. Waters compares all this life to walking on thin ice - "The Thin Ice," where any step can cause a breakdown. The first part of the album ends with the song "Goodbye Cruel World" ("Goodbye, Cruel World"), which is a declaration of escape from an empty life, suicide.



And on the second album, the album opens with the ballad "Hey You," in which Pink sings to himself from the other side of the wall; it's a return to life, and at the same time the nightmare his imagination is preparing for him. Later we have "The Trial" where his own madness is being prepared for him.




The Wall continues to break sales records to this day (confirmed by its #1 spot on Amazon, in the most sold albums, interchangeable with the dark side of the moon). The album became the best-selling double album in the history of rock music.
With the exception of two tracks that Gilmour participated in composing, the album was Waters' own work. It was also the first time since Atom Heart Mother that orchestral arrangements were used. Keyboards were almost absent from the album (as it later turned out, at the time of recording the album Richard Wright was excluded from the group due to his deepening conflict with Waters). The album turned out to be one of the milestones, if not of the group, which was already falling apart at the time, then certainly of rock music. The album was certified platinum in Poland, and its 2011 reissue went double platinum. Interestingly, I managed to catch the 2011 reissue, but in foil.



After my run to the Paladium, I hurried to one last destination, the Prague Astronomical Clock-Pra啪sk媒 orloj. This is a medieval astronomical clock, located on the south wall of the Old Town Hall in Prague. It was constructed in 1410 by clockmaker Nikolai of Kadan and mathematician Prof. Jan Sindel, and according to legend, it was completed by Master Hanusz who was subsequently blinded by the city authorities. The clock is one of the most famous astronomical clocks in the world and a popular tourist attraction. The clock consists of three main parts: astronomical - showing the position of the heavenly bodies, calendar - with medallions representing the months, and animation - with moving figures of the twelve apostles and depictions of Death, Turk, Vanity and Greed. Most importantly, the clock has been in continuous operation for 613 years.




To sum up the controversial history of Prague, in my opinion it is a wonderful city with many sins. Most of the city's sins have not come to light to this day and are as a place of legend, maybe one day we will see the truth. Let's go back, to the visual part in Prague, no matter what time of year or day it is beautiful and so was this time. Thank you for taking the time to read and feel free to discuss in the comments.




Another post soon 馃悵馃悵


The photos were taken by me with a Canon EOS 90D and an Iphone SE

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