Hello, dear Hivians! This moment, i was waiting for so long, finally has come, and I would like to tell you about my favorite city - Rome and its magnificent sights. Welcome to the battle arena and get ready for an interesting story.
For at least 400 years, the coliseum was the main venue for spectacular battles in antiquity. It was considered one of the new wonders of the world, but due to numerous earthquakes it gradually lost its lustre.
Interest in the Colosseum today far surpasses that of antiquity. It is so large and majestic that it receives 3 million visitors every year.
The Colosseum is a symbol of the might of the Roman Empire, a marvel of human architectural genius. Every arch, column and fresco here holds the memory of bloodshed that lasted for four centuries.
"Ave Caesar Morituri Te Salutant" ⚔️
“Hail, Caesar. We who are about to die salute you.”
Jean Leon Gerome's thumbs-down painting is perhaps the most famous work illustrating the age of gladiators.
But whether the death sentence was really given with the thumbs pointing down, whether so many Christian martyrs were killed, and whether the Coliseum was used not only for gladiatorial but also for spectacular reenactments of naval battles, the Coliseum arena still holds its secrets.
The Colosseum was opened in the eightieth year after Christ, after several years had already passed since the great fire in Rome attributed to the Emperor Nero, who after the fire proclaimed the centre of Rome his private property and built on it a golden palace, which was not liked by the inhabitants of Rome.
The theories about Emperor Nero's death are not very clear - some of them claim that he committed suicide, others that he was assassinated. Emperor Vespasian ascended to the throne after him. He aimed to destroy Nero's palace and in its place build something that would be seen as a symbol of the entire Roman people. Thus, the Colosseum was born.
The opening of the Colosseum lasted 100 days and is known as one of mankind's most famous parties. During the festivities, approximately 2,000 gladiators lost their lives and 9,000 exotic animals were killed in the arena. Some of these animals were even the last of their kind.
Like everything in ancient Rome, seating in the amphitheater was done according to which class a person was. The podium in the Coliseum was reserved for the most important personalities - such as senators.
Above them stood the aristocrats. Next to the stage were the seats of the rich, and the furthest part of the arena was for the poor and women.
The Colosseum held 50,000 spectators, at that time representing a 1/5 of the population of Rome. There are many myths which claim that gladiatorial battles did not always end with death.
But there is also a good deal of evidence to the contrary. No matter how fierce the battle, if one of the gladiators, falling, raises his left hand with the finger extended upwards, it means that the battle must stop. And his opponent could not continue the attack. An example of the fact that gladiators were trained fighters and had their own moral as well as their own military code.
The consequences for the fallen warrior were in the hands of the audience. If it judged that the gladiator had fought honorably, then his life was spared.
If, however, the battle was not worthy according to the public, then it came down to what is known as the Pollice Verso - or translated - thumbs down.
Actually, our understanding of this sign is very wrong. The finger was not pointing downwards, but pointing towards the throat, thus the victorious gladiator had permission to deliver the final sword thrust to his opponent.
With this photo I would like to Thank you for seeing my post! And I hope that you like it!
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All photos were taken with Nikon D3100!