This recent project has been probably one of my favorites to do. If you've been following my recent blogs you will have seen the picture of my homemade arrow. Well now I want to share with you guys how I actually built mine. It was pretty easy and cheap (if you already have certain tools) Hopefully it might compel someone else to try building their own. I guess let's get right into it. I will be breaking this build up in 4 sections, The Arrow shaft, Processing sinew, stripping feathers for fletching, and finally the arrow heads!
THE ARROW SHAFT
The best wood is Port Oxford Cedar. Other woods that are suitable are pine, birch, bamboo. I'm sure there are more. Stay away from the hardwoods, they are usually heavier and a bear to try and straighten. All I had was some western red cedar that I brought with me from the west coast. It's a piece that I've always held on to for some sort of project and I guess this is it.
Basically the best ones are the ones with no knots. The shaft will break in the dowel jig when it hits a knot. I ended making 1/2in X 1/2in X 35in blanks. I then used a hand plane to smooth out the square corners. If you leave the corners square you run the risk of the grain catching in the jig and pulling the grain. To run shafts through the jig just attach it to a drill.
Once through the jig finish off with sand paper and cut to length. And put a couple coats of boiled linseed oil on them, or any finish to seal the wood. Check out my previous blog on how to make the dowel jig!
Processing the Sinew
I won't be going into big detail on this process since I've done a whole blog on this topic already. Basically it's the leg tendon that I harvested from a whitetail deer leg. This will be the fiber that we will be using to attach the fletching and the arrow heads.
Feathers and fletching
What kind of feathers to use. Short answer basically any. Obviously there are feathers that are better then others. Best feathers being bigger birds, turkey, goose, raven etc. Turkey feathers are generally the best natural feathers as they are big, sturdy and rugged.
I picked up about 30 turkey and goose feathers for cheap at a craft store. You'll want minimum 2 different colors. Time to de spine them. We will be using the vanes on the longer side. Also Make sure that the 3 feathers you grab for your arrow are all from the same wing. To start pulling the spine pinch a few of the top vanes and start pulling. Sometimes you need to make a small cut with a knife the start the process.
Now we have a pliable piece of feather to work with. We will be cutting these pieces down to about 5 inches with leaving 1/4 tag ends on both sides that will be used as the anchor points. Before attaching the feathers I like to cut the knock in. I do this with a tiny pull saw. Make sure to go across the grain.
We will be using this saw to also be cutting the notches for the arrow heads.
I start attaching my fletching about a thumb space from the bottom of the knock. Now this is where the sinew comes in. I use 4 strands for the top and 4 strands for synching the bottom of the fletching and 4 stands to wrap completely around the fletching.
To make sinew usable you need to chew on it, just lightly, until it gets soft. You will know when its ready. Your saliva and the chewing motion releases the natural glue from the sinew fiber. When you wrap the the sinew you do not need to tie it off. Just wrap tight. Once it dries its shrinks and binds tight. If you're wondering why 4,4 and 4. 1 strand per feather and one to lock them down. the other 4 I string together with reef knots because we need a really long piece to wrap right around all the fletching.
I ended sealing up the sinew with head cement to make it waterproof. If sinew gets wet it softens and releases. In a survival situation I would use pine pitch. Trim up the feather and we are done that part.
You could use a variety of different steel heads, stone, bone, just fire hardened. I went with some 1/8 in mild steel. My hunting broadheads I will make with 01 tool steel so I can harden it. I wanted to figure out what size to make so I went with the cheaper and more accessible mild steel.
Using my little saw again I dug out some grooves sat the heads in them and wrapped with sinew.
Now just had to let it dry (at least 24 hours) and test fire!
Well I think that flew pretty straight. Thanks for reading.